Visit Perak Year 2012!!!

The loooooong awaited school holidays are finally here!!!😄

Let us take this opportunity to discover the beauty of our beloved Perak!

About Perak

Area : 21 000 square km

State Capital : Ipoh

Royal Town : Kuala Kangsar

Head of State : Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Sultan Azlan Shah Muhibbuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-Lah DK, DKM., DMN, DK (Kelantan), DK (Terengganu), DK (Perlis), DK (Johor), DK (Selangor), DK (Kedah), DKMB (Brunei), DK (Negeri Sembilan), DK (Pahang), SSM, PMN, PSM, SPCM, SPTS, SPMP, SIMP

Menteri Besar : Dato’ Seri Dr. Zambry Abdul Kadir (SPMP, DGSM, DPMP, AMS)

District : Batang Padang, Hilir Perak, Hulu Perak, Kinta, Kerian, Kuala Kangsar, Larut Matang and Selama, Manjung & Perak Tengah

History of Perak

Perak means silver in Malay. The name comes most probably from the silvery colour of tin. In the 1890s, Perak, with the richest alluvial deposits of tin in the world was one of the jewels in the crown of the British Empire. However, some say the name comes from the “glimmer of fish in the water” that sparkled like silver. The Arab honorific of the State is Darul Ridzuan, the Land of Grace.

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As with the other Malay states in the north, Perak was constantly under threat from regional powers. During the 16th century, the Acehnese and the Dutch were the main causes of concern due to Perak’s monopoly of tin. In the 18th Century, Perak was then threatened by the Bugis and Siamese. Under the Siamese influence, Sultan Kedah was forced to remove the Sultan of Perak to ensure compliance by the Perak state.

The internal turmoil of the succession to the throne between Raja Ismail, Raja Abdullah and Raja Yusuf in 1870 didn’t help the state when it was laden with these external factors. The Chinese began to form factions due to the growth of the tin industry. With the influx of the Chinese, divisions in their parties became evident with the uprising of triads. Unrest occurred during the 1870 s between Hai San clan and Ghee Hin clan that forced British intervention in protecting Perak’s interest.

Evidently, in 1874, a conference was held on Pangkor Island for the signing of the Pangkor Treaty. Raja Abdullah was elected as the Sultan of Perak under this agreement but the British also appointed J.W.W Birch as the first British Resident. Dissatisfied with the British forceful influence in Perak, the Malays plotted to assassinate J.W.W. Birch in 1875. After the death of Birch, Sultan Abdullah, Dato Sagar, Ngah Ibrahim and Dato Maharajalela were accussed for his murder and were sentence to death or exile.

In 1896, Perak joined Selangor, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang to form the Federated Malay States until the Japanese invasion. With the withdrawal of the Japanese forces in 1945, the British laid out the Malayan Union scheme before the British Parliament. Under the scheme, Pulau Pinang, Melaka and nine other Malay states were to be united under the Malayan Union. Sir Harold MacMicheal was then entrusted in obtaining the agreements from the Malay Rulers.

This significant implication of economic development resulted in the birth of a multiracial society especially with the introduction of the Chinese into the mining area.

In opposition to the British plans, the Malays formed the Malayan Union, catalyst for movement for Independence. Sparked by national sentiments, Dato Onn Jaafar formed United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) on 11 May 1946. The Malay Federation was founded on 1 February 1948 and on 31 August 1957, Malaya achieved Independence.

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The city of Ipoh houses some of the best limestone cave systems in Malaysia. The formation of these glistening stalactites and stalagmites took place over millions of years.
Gua Tempurung stretches over 1.3KM and is probably the largest of such natural limestone underground cavity in the country. It is made up of five huge domes, each with its own formations of stalactites and stalagmites, and varying temperatures, water levels, content of limestones and marbles.
Puncak Cave is the biggest and longest cave in Mount Lanno with a 1.58KM length and 80M height. It’s the second largest cave chamber in Peninsular Malaysia, and is famous among avid cave explorers and climbers in Perak. Apart from the mining pools, this cave houses beautiful formations of stalactites and stalagmites dubbed ‘Straws’ Formations’, ‘Growing Stalactites’ and ‘Crystals’.

Sam Poh Tong Temple is said to be the biggest cave temple in Malaysia, with an impressive work of art and faith, and various statues of Buddha interspersed among the stalactite and stalagmite formations. Dating back since the 1950s, this temple has a stiff stairway of 246 steps leading up to an open cave, and a Japanese pond full of carps and tortoises that symbolise longevity. Opening hours: 9AM-6PM Entrance fee: Free Tel.: +6 05 312 0813
Perak Tong Temple is situated within the huge limestone caves of Mount Tasik. Built in 1926, the temple houses over 40 Buddha statues with the main centrepiece being as tall as 12.8 metres. There is also a passage that leads into the cave’s interior, where mystical mural paintings decorate the cave walls, as well as a 385 stairway that leads to a wonderful view of the surrounding countryside. Opening hours: 9AM-6PM Entrance fee: Free
Kek Lok Tong Temple, also known as the Cave of Great Happiness, is set in a huge cave behind Mount Rapat. Opened in the 1970s, this temple is perhaps the most spectacular with its impressive works of art, Buddha statues built among the natural stalactites and stalagmites. There is even a vegetarian restaurant amidst the peaceful surroundings of lotus ponds. Opening hours: 6.30AM-7PM Entrance fee: Free Tel.: +6 05 312 8112
Gua Tambun – In 1959, 5,000 year old Neolithic rock paintings were discovered at Gua Tambun in the fringes of Ipoh.  They were believed to be etched by the early dwellers of the Malay Peninsular.  Unsophisticated though the drawings may be, but the artists demonstrated the ability to paint and draw vividly and realistically. Perched high among hill peaks, visitors to these caves can also enjoy a panoramic sunset view of Ipoh City.
Gunung Lang Recreational Park – The picturesque Gunung Lang recreation park boasts of breathtaking views of limestone hills and lakes.  Feel the stress of city living roll off your shoulders as you stroll along a 2km long broadwalk over a swampland where you can view interesting species of flora and fauna.  Other attractions include manmade waterfalls that cascade atop a limestone hill, a viewing tower and a playground.
Lost World of Tambun Theme Park – This unique place is not just a man made water theme park with beautiful Mayan architecture, gargoyles, and water canals, but is also surrounded by 400-million-year-old natural limestone hills which offers a unique, breathtaking view.
Built by Sunway Group four years ago at a cost of RM60 million, this theme park is well-designed with many unique features. It has many different “playgrounds” and is certainly an added attraction to the popular Sunway Lagoon theme park in Kuala Lumpur.
It is a perfect escapade for family and city slickers who want to have a short break away from the city and enjoy the outdoor elements from man made beaches, to hot water springs, theme park rides – both wet and dry, a tiger valley where you get to see the wild beast roam freely, and beyond that jungle trekking, caving and tunneling activities.

For more information, please visit: http://peraktourism.com/content.cfm

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